What are endocervical and/or Metaplastic cells?
There are two types of cells that line the cervix, one lines the outer cervix (portio) and another lines the inner cervix (endocervix). Metaplasia – Metaplasia is generally described as a process of cell growth or cell repair that is benign (not cancerous).
What does satisfactory for evaluation endocervical and/or squamous metaplastic cells endocervical component are present?
Minimal requirements for the conventional smear are an estimated 8,000-12,000 well-visualized squamous epithelial cells and 5,000 squamous cells for liquid-based preparations. At least ten well-preserved endocervical or squamous metaplastic cells are present.
What is cervical squamous metaplasia?
Squamous metaplasia in the cervix refers to the physiological replacement of the everted columnar epithelium on the ectocervix by a newly formed squamous epithelium from the subcolumnar reserve cells. The region of the cervix where squamous metaplasia occurs is referred to as the transformation zone.
Does atypical endocervical cells mean cancer?
Do atypical glandular cells mean cancer? Not necessarily. There are many reasons why glandular cells can become atypical including cancer, infection, inflammation, pregnancy, or previous radiation to the cervix or endometrium.
What are squamous metaplastic cells in a Pap smear?
Squamous Metaplasia. The most common protective mechanism of the endocervical epithelium of the uterine cervix is squamous metaplasia. The term metaplasia implies the transformation of one cell type into another type of cell, the latter being of a lower organizational order.
What does it mean if squamous metaplastic cells are present?
Squamous metaplasia of endocervix is defined by a presence of islands of squamous cells above the SCJ. It is a common physiological condition believed to be associated with the hormonal changes that occur during puberty in young girls.
What is endocervical mean?
The inner part of the cervix that forms a canal that connects the vagina to the uterus. The endocervix is lined with cells that make mucus. During a pelvic exam, cells may be scraped from the endocervix. The cells are checked under a microscope for infection, inflammation, and cancer or changes that may become cancer.
What is the meaning of satisfactory for evaluation?
“Satisfactory” does not mean “minimally acceptable.” Receiving an evaluation of “Satisfactory” means that the work as a whole was well done and expectations were met. “Needs Improvement” means that some significant aspect of a faculty member’s work was not done or poorly done.
What does endocervical and squamous metaplastic cells mean?
Endocervical cells present. This phrase means that cells from the inside of your cervical canal were sampled at the time of the pap test, which is something your doctor tries to do. Squamous metaplastic cells present. Here the pathologist noted cells that were growing or repairing themselves, which is a normal process.
What are squamous metaplastic cells?
Squamous metaplastic cells are round to polygonal in shape with dense biphasic staining cytoplasm and round centrally located nuclei. They arise from the basal layer of glandular epithelium as a protective response to stimuli, creating the transformation zone.
What does squamous cell in Pap smear mean?
Squamous cell cancer or adenocarcinoma cells. This result means the cells collected for the Pap smear appear so abnormal that the pathologist is almost certain a cancer is present. “Squamous cell cancer” refers to cancers arising in the flat surface cells of the vagina or cervix.
Do squamous cells mean cancer?
Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is a common form of skin cancer that develops in the squamous cells that make up the middle and outer layers of the skin. Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is usually not life-threatening, though it can be aggressive.
Where are the squamous cells found in a Pap smear?
A pathologist then examines a Pap smear under a microscope, looking for two types of cervical cells: squamous cells, which are typically found in the outer surface of the cervix, and columnar endocervical cells, which come from the lining of the narrow opening in the cervix leading to the inside of the uterus (the endocervical canal).
Can a Pap smear be done on the cervix?
However, in a premenopausal woman, the transformation zone is fairly close to the opening of the cervix, allowing the smear to capture both types of cells easily. It will probably be reassuring to you to know that all the Pap smears that you have had did indeed look at the surface cells of the cervix, so the test has still been useful.
What are endocervical cells and squamous metaplastic cells?
Endocervical cells are normal cells within cervix. Squamous metaplastic cells can result from irritation. There is infection with Trichomonas. As you are having improvement with symptoms, it is likely to be cured after the course of antibiotic.
What is the difference between a Pap test and a HPV test?
The HPV test checks cells for infection with high-risk HPV types. The Pap test (also called a Pap smear or cervical cytology) collects cervical cells and looks at them for changes caused by HPV that may—if left untreated—turn into cervical cancer.